A famous Buddhist Stupa in Nepal on a hilltop west of Kathmandu. Swayambhu literally means ‘the self-existent one”. It is also oldest shrine (2000 years old) in Kathmandu. It could be seen from Nagarkot while Kathmandu valley was a lake. Swyambhu includes a mosaic of small Chaityas and pagoda temples. It is said that stupa was build by bengali King Prachanda dev, who had come to Nepal on a prilgrimage. Stupa is composed of a solid hemisphere of brick and earth supporting a cornice of copper and gilt. The four-sided base of the spire consists of all seeing eye of Buddha. Swayambhu is among the holiest Buddhist pilgrimage centre in the world and heritage site.